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Correction to: Effects of enriched-potassium diet on cardiorespiratory outcomes in experimental non-ischemic chronic heart failure

The Original Article was published on 24 December 2021

Correction to: Biological Research (2021) 54:43 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40659-021-00365-z

Following publication of the original article [1], the Figs. 2, 3 and 4 are misplaced. The correct order of figures is given in this erratum (Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6).

Fig. 1
figure 1

Dietary K+ supplementation decreases arrhythmia incidence, cardiac sympathetic tone and improves spontaneous baroreflex in CHF rats. A Representative recording of heart rate (HR) tachograms obtained from one Sham rat, one CHF rat and one CHF+K+ rat. Arrowheads indicate arrhythmic events. Note that K+ supplemented diet reduces arrhythmic events in CHF. B Summary data showing arrhythmia index (events/hour). C Heart rate responses (ΔHR) after sympathetic blockade with propranolol (1 mg/kg). D ΔHR after parasympathetic blockade with atropine (1 mg/kg). E Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) during spontaneous changes in HR and mean arterial pressure (MAP). Each dashed line represents the tachycardic or bradycardic slope. *P < 0.05 vs Sham, #P < 0.05 vs CHF+K+. Holm Sidak post hoc after One-Way ANOVA, n = 5 rats per group

Fig. 2
figure 2

Daily dietary K+ supplementation improves breathing in CHF rats. A Representative ventilation recordings of ventilatory flow (ml/s), breath-to-breath interval (B–Bi, s) and tidal volume (VT, ml) obtained from one Sham rat, one CHF rat and one CHF+K+ rat. B Representative Poincare plots showing B–Bi variability. CD Summary data displaying SD1 and SD2 in all groups. Note that irregularity of B–Bi in CHF is markedly improve by dietary K+ supplementation. E Summary data showing changes in breathing irregularity score (%). F Coefficient of variation of VT amplitudes (%). K+ supplemented diet significantly reduces VT oscillations in CHF. *P < 0.05 vs Sham, #P < 0.05 vs CHF+K+. Holm Sidak post hoc after One-Way ANOVA, n = 5 rats per group

Fig. 3
figure 3

Central chemoreflex drive is normalized by K+ supplementation in CHF rats. A Representative recording of tidal volume (VT) and respiratory frequency (Rf) during normoxia (FiO2 21%), hypercapnia (FiCO2 7%) and hypoxia (FiO2 10% in one Sham rat, one CHF rat and one CHF+K+ rat. BC Summary data showing the magnitude (ΔVE, ml/min/100 g) and gain (ΔVE/%FiCO2) of the ventilatory response to hypercapnia (HCVR). Note that K+ supplementation totally restored normal HCVR in CHF rats. DE Summary data showing the magnitude (ΔVE, ml/min/100 g) and gain (ΔVE/%FiO2) of the hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR). *P < 0.05 vs Sham, #P < 0.05 vs CHF+K+. Holm Sidak post hoc after One-Way ANOVA, n = 5 rats per group

Fig. 4
figure 4

Dietary K+ supplementation attenuates cardiorespiratory coupling in CHF. A Representative traces of ventilatory flow (Flow, ml/s) and arterial blood pressure (BP, mmHg) in one Sham rat, one CHF rat and one CHF+K+ rat. Tidal volume (VT) is marked in blue while systolic blood pressure (SBP, mmHg) is shown in red. Note that in CHF rats, oscillations in ventilation are phase with increases in SBP, reflecting a positive interaction between signals. B Summary data showing the magnitude of coherence between VT and SBP centered at the very low frequency (vLF) peak of VT. C Summary data showing coherence function between respiratory frequency (RF) and heart rate (HR). *P < 0.05 vs Sham, #P < 0.05 vs CHF+K+. Holm Sidak post hoc after One-Way ANOVA, n = 5 rats per group

Fig. 5
figure 5

Echocardiographic parameters and plasmatic Na+ and K+ concentration. A Representative echocardiography image of the left ventricle (LV) from one rat per group. LV-end systolic diameter (LVESD, yellow arrow) and LV-end diastolic diameter (LVEDD, red arrow). B LVEDD. C LVESD. D LV-end diastolic volume (LVEDV). E LV-end systolic volume (LVESV) (F) Stroke volume (SV). G Ejection fraction (EF). Note that K+ dietary supplementation has no effects on cardiac diameters and volumes in CHF condition. (H) Daily food (g/day/rat) and I water intake (ml/rat/day) in Sham, CHF and CHF+K+ groups. J Summary data showing sodium (Na+) and K potassium (K+) ion concentration (mmol/L) in all groups. Note that Na+ concentration decreases in CHF+K+ while K+ concentration is significantly higher. *p < 0.05 vs Sham, #p < 0.05 vs CHF.Holm Sidak post hoc after One-Way ANOVA, n = 5 rats

Fig. 6
figure 6

Dietary K+ supplementation improves cardiac diastolic function in CHF rats. A Representative recording of left ventricle (LV) intraventricular pressure from one Sham rat, one CHF rat and one CHF+K+ rat (Upper panel). Lower panel shows ventilatory flows in each section. Note that end diastolic pressure (EDP) is modulated by the ventilatory cycle. B End diastolic pressure volume relationship assessed by single-beat PV-loop analysis during the expiratory and inspiratory phases of the breathing cycle. C Summary data of normalized EDP (nEDP) during inspiration and expiration. Note that the EDP was severely modulated by the ventilatory cycle in CHF rats and this was abolished by K+ diet supplementation. D Summary data showing percent changes in Δintraventricular pressures at Exp-Insp. Two-way ANOVA (C) and One-way ANOVA (D), followed by Holm Sidak posthoc. P < 0.05 vs. Insp; *P < 0.05 vs. Sham, #P < 0.05 vs CHF+K+ n = 5 rats per group

The original article has been corrected.

Reference

  1. Schwarz KG, Pereyra KV, Toledo C, Andrade DC, Díaz HS, Díaz-Jara E, Ortolani D, Rios-Gallardo A, Arias P, Las Heras A, Vera I. Effects of enriched-potassium diet on cardiorespiratory outcomes in experimental non-ischemic chronic heart failure. Biol Res. 2021;54(1):43.

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Correspondence to Rodrigo Del Rio.

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Schwarz, K.G., Pereyra, K.V., Toledo, C. et al. Correction to: Effects of enriched-potassium diet on cardiorespiratory outcomes in experimental non-ischemic chronic heart failure. Biol Res 55, 3 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40659-022-00370-w

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