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  1. Content type: Research article

    The current era is facing challenges in the management of neoplasia and weeds control. The currently available anti-cancer and herbicidal drugs are associated with some serious side effects. Therefore numerous...

    Authors: Syed Muhammad Mukarram Shah, Abdul Sadiq, Syed Muhammad Hassan Shah and Shahzeb Khan

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:65

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Interactions between genes and their products give rise to complex circuits known as gene regulatory networks (GRN) that enable cells to process information and respond to external stimuli. Several important p...

    Authors: Gonzalo A Ruz, Tania Timmermann, Javiera Barrera and Eric Goles

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:64

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Cronobacter sakazakii is considered as an emerging foodborne pathogen. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize virulent strains of Cronobacter sakazakii from food samples of Bangladesh.

    Authors: Md Fakruddin, Mizanur Rahaman, Monzur Morshed Ahmed and Md Mahfuzul Hoque

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:63

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The mortality of lung cancer (LC), increases each year in the world, in spite of any advances, in development of new drugs to advance stages of LC. The high incidence of LC has been associated with smoking hab...

    Authors: Marta I Adonis, Jose Díaz, Veronica R Miranda, Marco Chahuan, Alcides Zambrano, Hugo C Benitez, Monica Campos, Pablo Avaria, Ulises Urzúa, Pedro Marín, Mariela Gohurdett, Yasna Cisterna and Lionel Gil

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:62

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Telomeres are protective caps consisted of specific tandem repeats (5′-TTAGGG-3′). Shortening of telomeres at each cell division is known as “mitotic clock” of the cells, which renders telomeres as important r...

    Authors: Sevgi Ozden, Pinar Mega Tiber, Zerrin Ozgen, Hazan Ozyurt, Nedime Serakinci and Oya Orun

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:61

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  6. Content type: Research article

    During fish oocyte maturation, specific molecules are expressed and accumulated within oocyte until fertilization and embryo development. Special attention have been paid in members of the transforming growth ...

    Authors: Jaime Palomino, Giannina Herrera, Phillip Dettleff and Víctor Martínez

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:60

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Isodon rugosus is used traditionally in the management of hypertension, rheumatism, tooth-ache and pyrexia. Present study was arranged to investigate I. rugosus for phytoconstituents, phytotoxic and cytotoxic act...

    Authors: Anwar Zeb, Abdul Sadiq, Farhat Ullah, Sajjad Ahmad and Muhammad Ayaz

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:57

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro thrombolytic activity, and in vivo analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic potentials of different hydrocarbon soluble extracts of Litsea glutinosa leaves for...

    Authors: Rumpa Bhowmick, Md Shahid Sarwar, Syed Masudur RahmanDewan, Abhijit Das, Binayok Das, Mir Muhammad NasirUddin, Md Siddiqul Islam and Mohammad Safiqul Islam

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:56

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The current study aims at evaluating the analgesic, anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory properties of methanolic extract of the stem, bark and leaves of Launaea sarmentosa and Aegialitis rotundifolia roxb.

    Authors: Golam Sarwar Raju, Md Mizanur RahmanMoghal, Mohammad Salim Hossain, Md Mahadi Hassan, Md Mustahsan Billah, Sayed Koushik Ahamed and SM Masud Rana

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:55

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Zanthoxylum heitzii is a spice used to prepare several dishes and to treat tumors, syphilis, malaria, cardiac palpitations, urogenital infections in the west region of Cameroon, but the antitumor mechanisms and c...

    Authors: Constant Anatole Pieme, Guru Kumar Santosh, Emmanuel Mouafo Tekwu, Tülin Askun, Hatice Aydeniz, Jeanne Yonkeu Ngogang, Shashi Bhushan and Ajit Kumar Saxena

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:54

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The occurrence and prevalence of integrons in clinical microorganisms and their role played in antimicrobial resistance have been well studied recently. As screening and detection of integrons are concerned, c...

    Authors: Guangchao Yu, Lei Chen, Chii-wann Lin, Bing Li, Hemiao Cui, Siyi Chen, Jian Miao, Huawei Bian, Dingqiang Chen and Yang Deng

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:53

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Testis-expressed sequence 101 (TEX101) was found to be highly expressed in testis and involved in acrosome reaction in previous studies. Recently, the metastasis suppressor function of TEX101 in cancer was dis...

    Authors: Cong-Cong Shen, Yu-Huan Kang, Lin Yu, Dan-Dan Cui, Yi He, Jin-Liang Yang and Lan-Tu Gou

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:52

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) is a harmful pest of stored grain and flour-based products in tropical and subtropical region. In the present study, rhizome of Drynaria quercifolia (J. Smith) was evaluated for pesti...

    Authors: Alam Khan, Md Hedayetul Islam, Md Ekramul Islam, Md Abdul Alim Al-Bari, Mst Shahnaj Parvin, Mohammed Abu Sayeed, Md Nurul Islam and Md Ekramul Haque

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:51

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Accumulating evidence indicates that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are an important etiological factor for the induction of dermal papilla cell senescence and hair loss, which is also known alopecia. Arctiin i...

    Authors: Seunghee Bae, Kyung Mi Lim, Hwa Jun Cha, In-Sook An, Jeong Pyo Lee, Kwang Sik Lee, Ghang Tai Lee, Kun Kook Lee, Ho Jung Jung, Kyu Joong Ahn and Sungkwan An

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:50

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The liver is an important organ for its ability to transform xenobiotics, making the liver tissue a prime target for toxic substances. The carotenoid bixin present in annatto is an antioxidant that can protect...

    Authors: Priscila R Moreira, Marcos A Maioli, Hyllana CD Medeiros, Marieli Guelfi, Flávia TV Pereira and Fábio E Mingatto

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:49

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Restricted space and close contact with conspecifics in captivity may be stressful for musk deer, as they are highly territorial and solitary in the wild. So we tested the effects of crowding on stress of fore...

    Authors: Lan He, Wen-Xia Wang, Lin-Hai Li, Bao-Qing Liu, Gang Liu, Shu-Qiang Liu, Lei Qi and De-Fu Hu

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:48

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Plant secondary metabolites are possess several biological activities such as anti-mutagenic, anti-carcinogenic, anti-aging, etc. Cell suspension culture is one of the most effective systems to produce seconda...

    Authors: Emine Sema Cetin, Zehra Babalik, Filiz Hallac-Turk and Nilgun Gokturk-Baydar

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:47

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Turkey is the main apricot producer in the world and apricots have been produced under both dry and irrigated conditions in the country. In this study, phenolic compounds and vitamins in fruits of one wild (Ze...

    Authors: Tuncay Kan, Muttalip Gundogdu, Sezai Ercisli, Ferhad Muradoglu, Ferit Celik, Mustafa Kenan Gecer, Ossama Kodad and Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:46

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity, cytotoxic, and membrane stabilization activities, and in vivo antiemetic and antipyretic potentials of ethanolic extract, n-hexane and ethy...

    Authors: Mohammad Mobarak Hossain, Sayed Koushik Ahamed, Syed Masudur Rahman Dewan, Md Mahadi Hassan, Arif Istiaq, Mohammad Safiqul Islam and Mizanur Md Rahman Moghal

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:45

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to be important in sperm function, and the concentration of NO appears to determine these effects. Studies have demonstrated both positive and negative effects of NO on sperm f...

    Authors: Jiangtao Wang, Qingliu He, Xingyu Yan, Youmei Cai and Junyi Chen

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:44

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Pure mucinous adenocarcinoma of the breast is a rare entity characterized by the production of variable amounts of mucin comprising 1% to 6% of breast carcinomas. Some mucinous adenocarcinomas have shown expre...

    Authors: Laura García-Labastida, Raquel Garza-Guajardo, Oralia Barboza-Quintana, Irám Pablo Rodríguez-Sanchez, Jesús Ancer-Rodríguez, Juan Pablo Flores-Gutierrez and Gabriela Sofía Gómez-Macías

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:43

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a respiratory tract disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. M. tuberculosis exploits immune privilege to grow and divide in pleural macrophages. Fibrates are associated with t...

    Authors: Sung-Jo Kim, Minho Hong, Ki Duk Song, Hak-Kyo Lee, Sungweon Ryoo and Tae-Hwe Heo

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:42

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The root of Angelica sinensis (AS), also known as “Dang-gui,” was a popular herbal medicine widely used in the treatment of gynecological diseases in China, Korea, and Japan for a long time. This study aimed to d...

    Authors: Won-Seok Lee, Jin-Han Lim, Myung-Soon Sung, Eun-Gyeong Lee, Yoo-Jeong Oh and Wan-Hee Yoo

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:41

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Asthma is a complex disease influenced by multiple genetic and environmental factors. While Madeira has the highest prevalence of asthma in Portugal (14.6%), the effect of both genetic and environmental factor...

    Authors: Anabela Gonçalves Berenguer, Ana Teresa Fernandes, Susana Oliveira, Mariana Rodrigues, Pedro Ornelas, Diogo Romeira, Tânia Serrão, Alexandra Rosa and Rita Câmara

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:40

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Novel, in silico-designed anticancer compounds were synthesized in our laboratory namely, 2-ethyl-3-O-sulphamoyl-estra-1,3,5(10),15-tetraen-17-ol (ESE-15-ol) and 2-ethyl-3-O-sulphamoyl-estra-1,3,5(10)16-tetraene ...

    Authors: Lisa Repsold, Thandi Mqoco, Elize Wolmarans, Sandra Nkandeu, Joji Theron, Tomek Piorkowski, Peet du Toit, Dirk van Papendorp and Annie Margaretha Joubert

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:39

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial pathogens have many strategies for infecting and persisting in host cells. Adhesion, invasion and intracellular life are important features in the biology of mollicutes. The intracellular location of Ur...

    Authors: Aline Teixeira Amorim, Lucas Miranda Marques, Angelita Maria Oliveira Gusmão Santos, Hellen Braga Martins, Maysa Santos Barbosa, Izadora Souza Rezende, Ewerton Ferraz Andrade, Guilherme Barreto Campos, Tássia Neves Lobão, Beatriz Araujo Cortez, Telma Alvez Monezi, Glaucia Maria Machado-Santelli and Jorge Timenetsky

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:38

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The whitish tender leaves of Palmyrah are used for making handicrafts. The problem with these articles is discolouration with time and become more brittle due to fungal attack. This could be prevented by some ...

    Authors: Subajini Mahilrajan, Jeyarani Nandakumar, Robika Kailayalingam, Nilushiny Aloysius Manoharan and SriThayalan SriVijeindran

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:35

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The body site location of primary Malignant Melanoma (MM) has been correlated with prognosis and survival. Ethnic, genetics, sun exposure factors are related to the anatomical distribution of MM. Low and high ...

    Authors: Viviana B Zemelman, Carlos Y Valenzuela, Ivo Sazunic and Irene Araya

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:34

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Photodynamic therapy is an alternative treatment of muco-cutaneous tumors that uses a light source able to photoactivate a chemical compound that acts as a photosensitizer. The phthalocyanines append to a wide...

    Authors: Clara Matei, Mircea Tampa, Constantin Caruntu, Rodica-Mariana Ion, Simona-Roxana Georgescu, Georgiana Roxana Dumitrascu, Carolina Constantin and Monica Neagu

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:33

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Extracellular metolloproteases have been implied in different process such as cell death, differentiation and migration. Membrane-bound metalloproteases of the ADAM family shed the extracellular domain of many...

    Authors: Paulina Urriola-Muñoz, Carlos Lizama, Raúl Lagos-Cabré, Juan G Reyes and Ricardo D Moreno

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:31

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Termitomyces heimii is a basidiomycete fungus that has a symbiotic relationship with termites, and it is an edible mushroom with a unique flavour and texture. T. heimii is also one of the most difficult mushrooms...

    Authors: Norasfaliza Rahmad, Jameel R Al-Obaidi, Noraswati Mohd Nor Rashid, Ng Boon Zean, Mohd Hafis Yuswan Mohd Yusoff, Nur Syahidah Shaharuddin, Nor Azreen Mohd Jamil and Norihan Mohd Saleh

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:30

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Essential oils extracted from aromatic and medicinal plants have many biological properties and are therefore an alternative to the use of synthetic products. The chemical composition of essential oils from tw...

    Authors: Badreddine Ben Slimane, Olfa Ezzine, Samir Dhahri and Mohamed Lahbib Ben Jamaa

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:29

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Calf diarrhea is a major economic concern in bovine industry all around the world. This study was carried out in order to investigate distribution of virulence genes, pathotypes, serogroups and antibiotic resi...

    Authors: Masoud Shahrani, Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi and Hassan Momtaz

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:28

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  34. Content type: Research article

    During the last few years it has been shown in several laboratories that Celecoxib (Cx), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) normally used for pain and arthritis, mediates antitumor and antiangioge...

    Authors: Carlos Rosas, Mariana Sinning, Arturo Ferreira, Marcela Fuenzalida and David Lemus

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:27

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  35. Content type: Research article

    For the first time, a morphometric characterization of chaura (Gaultheria pumila) fruits has been conducted between natural populations growing in the Villarrica National Park, Araucania Region, Chile. Chaura is ...

    Authors: Evelyn Villagra, Carola Campos-Hernandez, Pablo Cáceres, Gustavo Cabrera, Yamilé Bernardo, Ariel Arencibia, Basilio Carrasco, Peter DS Caligari, José Pico and Rolando García-Gonzales

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:26

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Fern-like crystalloids form when a microvolume of tear is allowed to dry out at ambient conditions on a glass surface. Presence of crystalloids in tear “microdesiccates” is used to evaluate patients with Dry-E...

    Authors: Leonidas Traipe-Castro, Daniela Salinas-Toro, Daniela López, Mario Zanolli, Miguel Srur, Felipe Valenzuela, Aníbal Cáceres, Héctor Toledo-Araya and Remigio López-Solís

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:25

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Unstable generation of free radicals in the body are responsible for many degenerative diseases. A bloom forming algae Euglena tuba growing abundantly in the aquatic habitats of Cachar district in the state of As...

    Authors: Dipankar Chaudhuri, Nikhil Baban Ghate, Shampa Deb, Sourav Panja, Rhitajit Sarkar, Jayashree Rout and Nripendranath Mandal

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:24

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  38. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, the desire to adopt a healthy diet has drawn attention to legume seeds and food products derived from them. Mash bean is an important legume crop used in Pakistan however a systematic mapping ...

    Authors: Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq, Shakeel Ahmad, Shazia Anwer Bukhari, Ryszard Amarowicz, Sezai Ercisli and Hawa ZE Jaafar

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:23

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) viral load testing at regular intervals is an integral component of disease management in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patients. The need in countries l...

    Authors: Arpan Acharya, Salil Vaniawala, Parth Shah, Harsh Parekh, Rabindra Nath Misra, Minal Wani and Pratap N Mukhopadhyaya

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:22

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The Hawthorn (Crateagus sp.) mostly occurs around the temperate region of the world with a high number of species, producing a fruit with numerous beneficial effects for human health. The aim of the study was to ...

    Authors: Muttalip Gundogdu, Koray Ozrenk, Sezai Ercisli, Tuncay Kan, Ossama Kodad and Attila Hegedus

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:21

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Effect of chlorocholine chloride (CCC) on phenolic acids composition and polyphenols accumulation in various anatomical parts (stems, leaves and inflorescences) of common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) i...

    Authors: Oksana Sytar, Asel Borankulova, Irene Hemmerich, Cornelia Rauh and Iryna Smetanska

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:19

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Black widow spider (L. tredecimguttatus) has toxic components not only in the venomous glands, but also in other parts of the body and its eggs. It is biologically important to investigate the molecular basis of ...

    Authors: Yizhong Yan, Jianjun Li, Yiya Zhang, Xiaozhen Peng, Tianyao Guo, Jirong Wang, Weijun Hu, Zhigui Duan and Xianchun Wang

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:17

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The nuclear architecture of meiotic prophase spermatocytes is based on higher-order patterns of spatial associations among chromosomal domains from different bivalents. The meiotic nuclear architecture depends...

    Authors: Soledad Berríos, Catalina Manieu, Julio López-Fenner, Eliana Ayarza, Jesús Page, Marisel González, Marcia Manterola and Raúl Fernández-Donoso

    Citation: Biological Research 2014 47:16

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