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Table 1 Some of the secondary metabolites produced in the plant cell, tissue and organ in vitro cultures

From: Stress and defense responses in plant secondary metabolites production

Secondary metabolitePlant source(s)In vitro productionMedicinal use(s)Reference(s)
ArtemisininArtemesia annuaC, SH, SE, ET, THR, UTHRAnti-malarial[296]
CamptothecinCamptotheca acuminata, Nothapodytes nimmoniana, many members of the family Icacinaceae, and many other plant species from unrelated familiesC, SH, SE, THR, UTHRAnti-cancer[297,298,299,300,301,302,303]
CodeinePapaver somniferumC, SH, SE, UTHRSedative[304,305,306,307,308,309]
RobustaquinonesCinchona robustaCAnti-malarial, numerous bioactivities[310,311,312,313]
Securinine alkaloidsSecurinega suffruticosaC, SHCytotoxicity, anti-alzheimer and many bioactivities[314,315,316]
AjmalineRauvolfia serpentinaC, SH, SE, THR, UTHRAnti-hypertension[317, 318]
DiosgeninDioscorea deltoideaC, SH, SE, THR, UTHRSteroidal precursor[319,320,321,322,323,324]
l-EphedrineEphedra sinica, Ephedra genus membersC, SH, S, UTHRDiatary supplement[325,326,327,328,329,330]
EllipticineOrchrosia ellipticaC, SHAnti-cancer[331,332,333]
BacosidesBacopa monnieriC, SH, THRNeuroprotective and many bioactivities[334,335,336,337,338,339]
AltamisineAmbrosia tenuifoliaC, SHNumerous bioactivities[340]
MatrinesSophora speciesC, SHAnti-cancer, many bioactivities[341]
Rosmarinic acidSalvia miltiorrhizaC, SH, SE, ET, THR, UTHRAnti-oxidant, anti-microbial[342]
RohitukineDysoxylum binectariferumC, ENAnti-cancer, numerous bioactivities[343, 344]
SteviosideStevia rebaudianaC, SH, SESweetener[345,346,347,348,349]