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Table 1 TGF-β1 expression and clinicopathologic parameters of ICC

From: TGF-β1 expression is associated with invasion and metastasis of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma

  TGF-β1 expression p-value
Gender + - 0.654
Male (n = 38) 18 20  
Female (n = 40) 19 21  
Age    0.453
<60 years(n = 31) 17 14  
≥60 years(n = 47) 20 27  
Stage    0.097
I–II (n = 37) 19 18  
III–IV (n = 41) 18 23  
Size    0.086
T1-T2 (n = 36) 16 20  
T3-T4 (n = 42) 21 21  
Lymph node metastasis    0.003
Yes (n = 20) 17 3  
No (n = 58) 20 38  
Lymphovascular invasion    0.045
Yes (n = 16) 10 6  
No (n = 62) 27 35  
Distant metastasis    0.012
Yes (n = 8) 8 0  
No (n = 70) 29 41  
Histologic dedifferentiation    0.145
Well differentiated (n = 42) 21 21  
Moderately differentiated (n = 15) 9 6  
Poorly differentiated (n = 21) 7 14  
Tumour recurrence    0.023
Yes(n = 47) 26 21  
No(n = 31) 11 20  
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