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Table 3 Anthropometric and biochemical parameters of the subjects on the 8 th and 14 th days of this study

From: Effects of R219K polymorphism of ATP-binding cassette transporter 1 gene on serum lipids ratios induced by a high-carbohydrate and low-fat diet in healthy youth

Variables Males (n = 27)   Females (n = 29)   Total (n = 56)  
RR K carriers RR K carriers RR K carriers
Age, years 23.13 ± 2.42 22.89 ± 1.79 23.00 ± 1.21 22.71 ± 1.96 23.05 ± 1.73 22.81 ± 1.85
BMI, kg/m 2       
8thday 20.74 ± 3.94 22.13 ± 4.23 19.90 ± 2.39 20.30 ± 2.71 20.23 ± 3.03 21.27 ± 3.67
14thday 20.60 ± 3.98 22.03 ± 4.19* 19.87 ± 2.43 20.15 ± 2.64* 20.16 ± 3.07 21.14 ± 3.62**
Waist-to-hip ratio       
8thday 0.89 ± 0.09# 0.91 ± 0.04### 0.82 ± 0.06 0.83 ± 0.03 0.84 ± 0.06 0.87 ± 0.05
14thday 0.89 ± 0.05## 0.91 ± 0.05### 0.83 ± 0.04 0.83 ± 0.03 0.86 ± 0.05 0.87 ± 0.06
Glu, mg/dl       
8thday 4.27 ± 0.42 4.61 ± 0.52 4.51 ± 0.51 4.33 ± 0.54 4.41 ± 0.48 4.48 ± 0.54
14thday 4.41 ± 0.46 4.32 ± 0.32* 4.34 ± 0.24 4.28 ± 0.49 4.37 ± 0.33 4.30 ± 0.40
log(TG/HDL-C)       
8thday 0.10 ± 0.29 0.21 ± 0.19## 0.04 ± 0.16 0.03 ± 0.15 0.06 ± 0.22 0.12 ± 0.19
14thday 0.19 ± 0.29* 0.17 ± 0.20 0.09 ± 0.16 0.09 ± 0.16* 0.13 ± 0.22** 0.14 ± 0.18
TC/HDL-C       
8thday 2.84 ± 1.10 3.14 ± 0.78# 2.76 ± 0.38 2.63 ± 0.40 2.79 ± 0.73 2.90 ± 0.67
14thday 2.11 ± 0.74** 2.29 ± 0.56*** 2.17 ± 0.37*** 2.12 ± 0.31** 2.15 ± 0.53*** 2.21 ± 0.46***
LDL-C/HDL-C       
8thday 1.21 ± 0.70 1.48 ± 0.64# 1.37 ± 0.33 1.12 ± 0.34 1.24 ± 0.49 1.31 ± 0.54
14thday 0.94 ± 0.25 1.08 ± 0.27*** 1.01 ± 0.18** 1.04 ± 0.19 0.98 ± 0.21** 1.06 ± 0.23***
apoA-1/apoB100       
8thday 4.10 ± 2.01 3.00 ± 1.15 3.49 ± 0.92 3.43 ± 0.83 3.73 ± 1.44 3.20 ± 1.02
14thday 4.33 ± 2.02 3.12 ± 1.23 3.64 ± 0.96 3.46 ± 0.99 3.91 ± 1.47* 3.28 ± 1.12
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001, compared with that on the 8th day of this study in the subjects with the same genotype (paired t-test).
  2. #P < 0.05, ##P < 0.01, ###P < 0.001 compared with that of the female subjects with the same genotype (ANOVA).